Biomass electric and thermal energy production plants have, as a starting materials, “the biodegradable fraction of biological products, waste and residue from agriculture, forestry and connected industries, including fishing and aquaculture, as well as the biodegradable part of industrial and urban waste” (ref. RED Directive).
Therefore, it is possible to obtain a renewable, easy-to-use energy source from organic waste, either of plant or animal nature, which has the unquestionable advantage of reducing the amount of CO2 introduced into the environment.
Biomass refers to an extremely heterogeneous variety of materials, from industrial waste, to firewood, farming and forestry processing residue, agrifood industry waste, livestock waste, vegetable oils, urban waste, to plant species cultivated for this purpose such on uncultivated land, or land of low production value for the agrifood sector.
A biomass plant is a system that uses renewable energy from biomass through different techniques – from direct combustion of biomass to bioliquid or biogas extraction by pyrolysis, biogas extraction by bacterial digestion processes and extraction of bioliquids with low-medium temperature thermal processes – and uses cogeneration systems that provide both thermal and electrical energy for local or remote use such as district heating.
ICIM has developed proprietary certification schemes for both solid and gaseous biomass systems and has specific technical skills that allow it to certify all types of systems that turn biomass into renewable energy.